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PCOS / PCOD

Mothercare Hospital rededicates itself to detection, treatment and long term follow up of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome). This common condition is generally under diagnosed which means more problems and complications are looming at large. Young girls and women feel that there is no treatment and therefore landing up is Severe complication.
If detected early, this problem is completely controllable and long term ill-effect minimized.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem in which a woman's hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS also may cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it isn't treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.

Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts camera.gif on their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormone imbalances.
Early diagnosis and treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems.
Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone 

Normal ovary Vs Polycystic ovary

A normal ovary releases the matured eggs where in the polycystic ovary releases immature eggs resulting in not being able to fertilize.

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Symptoms

 Symptoms tend to be mild at first. You may have only a few symptoms or a lot of them. The most common symptoms are: 

  • Acne

  • Weight gain and trouble in losing weight

  • Extra hair on the face and body. Often, Women get thicker and darker facial hair and more hair on the chest, belly and back.

  • Thinning hair on the scalp

  • Irregular periods. Often women with PCOS have fewer periods

  • Fertility problems. Many women who have PCOS experience trouble in getting pregnant.

  • Depression

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Treatment

To diagnose PCOS, the doctor will:

  • Ask questions about your past health, symptoms, and menstrual cycles.

  • Do a physical exam to look for signs of PCOS, such as extra body hair and high blood pressure. The doctor will also check your height and weight to see if you have a healthy body mass index (BMI).

  • Do a number of lab tests to check your blood sugar, insulin, and other hormone levels. Hormone tests can help rule out thyroid or other gland problems that could cause similar symptoms.

You may also have a pelvic ultrasound to look for cysts on your ovaries. Your doctor may be able to tell you that you have PCOS without an ultrasound, but this test will help him or her rule out other problems. 

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Things to remember

Regular exercise, healthy foods, and weight control are the key treatments for PCOS. Treatment can reduce unpleasant symptoms and help prevent long-term health problems. 

 

  • Try to fit in moderate activity and/or vigorous activity often. Walking is a great exercise that most people can do.

  • Eat heart-healthy foods. This includes lots of vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, and whole grains. It limits foods that are high in saturated fat, such as meats, cheeses, and fried foods.

  • Most women who have PCOS can benefit from losing weight. Even losing 10 lb (4.5 kg) may help get your hormones in balance and regulate your menstrual cycle.

  • If you smoke, consider quitting. Women who smoke have higher androgen levels that may contribute to PCOS symptoms.

  • Your doctor also may prescribe birth control pills to reduce symptoms, metformin to help you have regular menstrual cycles, or fertility medicines if you are having trouble getting pregnant.

 

It is important to see your doctor for follow-up to make sure that treatment is working and to adjust it if needed. You may also need regular tests to check for diabetes, high blood pressure, and other possible problems.

 

It may take a while for treatments to help with symptoms such as facial hair or acne. You can use over-the-counter or prescription medicines for acne.

 

It can be hard to deal with having PCOS. If you are feeling sad or depressed, it may help to talk to a counsellor. 

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